Research Report on Adolescent Dating Violence in Bangkok Thailand(การศึกษาวิจัยเรื่องความรุนแรงในคู่รักของวัยรุ่นในกรุงเทพ ประเทศไทย)

Research Report on Adolescent Dating Violence in Bangkok Thailand(การศึกษาวิจัยเรื่องความรุนแรงในคู่รักของวัยรุ่นในกรุงเทพ ประเทศไทย)

ผู้แต่ง/นักวิจัย เพ็ญจันทร์ เชอร์เรอร์
รายละเอียดงานวิจัย  ความรุนแรงในคู่รัก. วัยรุ่น.
บทคัดย่องานวิจัย

Abstract The study used a cross-sectional survey design to explore the incidence and severity of violence in dating relationships and to identify predictors of dating violence perpetration by Thai male and female adolescents. In addition using in-depth interviews the study described the meanings Thai adolescents attributed to dating violence in the context of a given attitudinal structure. . A multidimensional approach taking into account familial personal interpersonal and social dimensions was used to investigate the phenomenon. More specifically the study examines the relationship between dating violence including the consequences and the help seeking behavior and the following three dimensions: 1) history of family violence; 2) personal characteristics and attitudes toward women; and 3) interpersonal relationships with peers and level of commitment in dating relationships. This part of the report will deal with the result for the sub-sample of those youth who have already started dating. Our results indicate that a high percentage of Thai youths experience various forms of dating violence in their relationships and that where dating violence occurs in a relationship both partners are typically involved. Being out of school or studding in a vocational or regular high school matters too in regard to dating violence. Basically the dont study group reflected the highest dating violence rates followed by the vocational school youths and with some lower rates but still with a considerable rate of dating violence the high school students. As expected gender does relate to dating violence however females are involved in all kinds of dating violence relationships exciding the male one for some categories. We found that the dating relationships of the Thai youths are very intense which highlights the significance attributed to dating during adolescence (Close 2005; Frydenberg 1997; Wolfe Retzel-Jaffe Wekerle Grasley & Straatman. 2001). Participants reported having very frequent meetings with their partners having long and meaningful relationships. Ironically this probably lowers dating violence rates among our subjects for the literature indicates that males in deeper and more committed relationships are more likely to control females or use violence against them in order to enforce their dominance (Cate Henton Koval Christopher & Lloyd 1982; Hanley & ONeill 1997; Lloyd 1991; Riggs & OLeary 1989; Stets & Pirog-Good 1987). Cleveland Herrera & Stuewig. (2003) found that different levels of seriousness of the relationship affected many of the associations between female and male characteristics and the occurrence of abuse. Thus seriousness of relationships was a significant predictor of abuse in high-seriousness relationships but not in low-seriousness relationships (Cleveland Herrera & Stuewig 2003). Similarly the risk of violence against the dating partner generally increases with the length of the relationship (Arias Samios & OLeary 1987; Geiger Fischer & Eshet. 2004). Therefore the longer the relationship and the more serious they are the greater the probability of dating violence. This supports our finding of higher experienced dating violence among the Thai females who attributed greater significance than the males to their long-term relationships. The finding that the dont study group have higher frequency of meetings with their partners may by itself emphasize the seriousness of their relationships and thus be reflected in higher rates of dating violence. The results of this study provide useful information and have practical policy implications for school-based prevention programs and services in Thailand. School-based preventive programs ought to confront the dating violence phenomenon among adolescents. Given the influence of peers in this domain effective programs should be group based and use the power of peers in influencing and changing adolescents beliefs that violence is an acceptable response to conflict. Routine dating violence assessments and screening protocols (victimization and/or perpetration) should be developed and initiated in school health programs and in regular health care settings. Given the social rather than personal nature of the phenomenon further research concerning cross-cultural and social group differences is needed taking into account race ethnicity and gender. A longitudinal cohort study that addresses the onset of violence would be crucial in identifying the potential causes of dating violence



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2017-12-19T13:30:50+00:00
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